• Wirdayani Saragih Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
  • Desy Fitrianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara


Religion, Culture and Society


The relationship between religion, culture and society is a very important system of life because they are interrelated with one another. However, the question of religion and social development is not complete from a single point of view. Therefore, a holistic approach must be taken when considering social issues. Research is needed, for example on the sociology of religion and so on. This means that the study of the religious life of a society is incomplete without a sociology: sociological statistical observers do not assess the relevance of religion. Every nation or group that really follows the message of their respective religions, harmony, brotherhood, peace and comfort in social life will naturally be realized. Because religion forbids truth and goodness and keeps away from all evil, controversy, suspicion, etc. Religious life is about the embodiment of one's religious attitudes, mindset, behavior or attitudes and outlook on life, as well as the ability to belong to other people of different religions as servants of God Almighty. Religion was created as a guideline for human life by God Almighty throughout life. Meanwhile, culture is a way or way of life created by humans themselves as a result of creation, taste and purpose given by God. Religion and culture influence each other. Religion influences culture, social groups, and ethnic groups. This culture tends to change in every person or group who really lives according to the mandate of their religion so that harmony, peace and comfort are realized naturally in social life.


Andito, 1998, In the Name of Religion, Religious Discourse in Conflict-Free Dialogue, Hidayah Library: Bandung

Ansari, Saifuddin Endang. 2004. Islamic Insights: Main Thoughts About the Paradigm and Islamic System, : Gema Insani, 2004. ISBN.

Azyumardi Azra, 1999, Theological Context in Indonesia: Islamic Experience, Paramadina: Jakarta Badri Yatim, 2006, History of Islamic Civilization, Raja Grafindo Persada: Jakarta

Dadang Kahmad, 2004. Sociology of Religion, An Introduction, Gramedia Press, Jakarta.

Durkheim, Emile, 1954, The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life. trans. By Joseph Ward Swain

(Glencoe, III : The Free Press, George Allen & Unwin Ltd

Geertz, Clifford, 1992, Culture and Religion, Kanisius: Yogyakarta.

Hasan Muarif Ambary, 1998, Discovering Islamic Civilization: Archeology and Islam in Indonesia:

National Archaeological Research Center: Jakarta

Hendropuspito, 1988, Sociology of Religion, Kanisius, Yogyakarta Joeyz, Iwan. Religion and Culture

Relations. Http:// Retrieved December 1, 2009. Koentjaraningrat, 1980, Principles of Social Anthropology, University Publishing: Jakarta.

Septiadi, Rio. 2009. Islamic Culture - Islamic Religious Education Paper.

[Online] May 17, 2009. [Cited: March 23, 2011.].

Soerjanto Poespowardoyo, 1986, Definition of Local Genius and Its Relevance in Modernization,

"National Cultural Personality (local genius)", Pustaka Jaya: Jakarta. Suwarno, et al. 2008, Basic Socio-Cultural Science. Surakarta: BP/FKIP UMS.




How to Cite

Wirdayani Saragih, & Desy Fitrianti. (2023). RELIGIOUS AND CULTURE VIEWS IN THE LIFE OF INDONESIAN PEOPLE. Proceedings : International Forum Research on Education, Social Sciences Technology and Humanities, 1, 9–16. Retrieved from