Environmental Quality of Riverbank Slum Fisherman Settlement In Yong Panah Hijau Sub-District Medan Labuhan, North Sumatra
Keywords:Riverside slums, building condition, environment, population
The growth of housing areas and settlements that are less livable in riverside areas has an impact on the tendency for the development of slums that are not in accordance with healthy settlement standards. The socio-economic conditions of the population, who generally work as fishermen with irregular income and in the low category, land status that is not official (government-owned), causes settlements to become increasingly squalid. If these conditions are not controlled for growth, then the quality of the environment and the degree of public health will continue to decline. This study aims to (1) identify the characteristics of slum settlements on the banks of the river and (2) identify the factors that cause slums. This study used a survey method, with the determination of the sample environment by purposive sampling. The research location is in Yong Panah Hijau Village, Medan Labuhan District. The sample size is 15 houses, which are proportionally selected from two environmental areas, namely the riverside and upper river.The results showed that in general the characteristics of waterfront settlements in Yong Panah Hijau Village: (1) the condition of facilities, infrastructure and utilities is poor, (2) the level of building density is high, (3) the feasibility of buildings is low. This condition is influenced by the economic factors of the population, who are generally low-income people (MBR), so that the motivation to have a decent environment and housing is very low. Thus the identification of the characteristics of residential areas is expected to become the basis for preparing action plans in the process of planning and formulating regional development in an integrated manner with the population.
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