The Increasing Motivation For Social Studies Content Using The Piston Model In Class V Elementary School Students


  • Muhammad Zarkasi Noor Primary School Teacher Education, Lambung Mangkurat University
  • Celia Cinantya Primary School Teacher Education, Lambung Mangkurat University


Independence Learning


This research is motivated by the problem of low learning activities, student motivation, which influences low social studies learning outcomes. An effort to overcome the problems that arose was to apply Piston learning through Classroom Action Research (PTK) which was carried out in 4 meetings in class V at SDN 1 Sumber Alaska with research objects of 20 students. The aim of this research is to describe teacher activities, student activities and student learning motivation as observed through observations and test results. The findings from this research indicate that teacher performance at meeting I reached 64% and continued to increase in meetings until it reached 96%. Student activity at the first meeting reached 50% and continued at each meeting until it reached 90%. Student learning motivation in I reached 50% and continued to increase at each meeting until it reached 90%. Student learning outcomes in all aspects continue to increase at each meeting until they reach a score of 70 according to the KKM so that students meet the criteria for completion. In connection with the findings and results of the research, it can be concluded that the Piston model teaching approach activities are able to improve creative thinking skills and student learning outcomes in social studies learning.


Abyadi, F. (2021). Application of the Talking Stick Learning Model to Increase Learning Motivation on Zakat Material at SD N Tambangan 4. Journal of Islamic Religious Teacher Professional Education, 1(1), 1839–1840.

Agusta, AR, Noorhapizah, & Arlinda, R. (2019). Increasing student learning activities on the theme of objects around us, PPKN content using a combination of group investigation (GI), numbered head together (NHT) and snowball throwing learning models for fifth grade students at SDN Pangeran 1 Banjarmasin. Proceedings of the ULM PS2DMP National Seminar, 5(1), 1–10.

Amberansyah, & Marhamah. (2017). Improving Civics Learning Outcomes Using a Combination of Group Investigation (GI), Means-Ends Analysis (MEA) and Word Square Learning Models for Class IV Students at Sdn Teluk Dalam 11 Banjarmasin. Proceedings of the ULM PS2DMP National Seminar, 3(1), 41–46.

Aslamiah, A., Cinantya, C., & Rafianti, WR (2023). Training on Creating Interactive Multimedia Based Learning Media for Elementary School Teachers in Banjarmasin. Bubungan Tinggi: Journal of Community Service, 5(1), 143. doi:10.20527/btjpm.v5i1.6520

Aslamiah, & Agusta, Akhmad Riandy. (2015). Efforts to Improve Student Learning Outcomes on Ecosystem Themes with Science Content Using a Combination of Inquiry Learning, Somatic, Auditory, Visualization, Intellectually (Savi), and Team Games Tournament (Tgt) Models, in Class 5b Sdn Sungai Miai 7 Banjarmasin.

Asniwati, Hidayat, A., & Refia, WR (2019). Increasing Student Learning Activities in Subjects; Fractions Using Think Pair Sha Model Combinations; Numbered Heads Together (NHT) and Talking Stick Pa; Asniwati. PS2DMP National Seminar Proceedings, 5(1), 49–62.

Bambang, I., Enawaty, E., & Sartika, RP (2021). Application of the Two Stay Two Stray Learning Model to Improve Student Activities and Learning Outcomes. FKIP UNTAN Chemistry Education Study Program, (1), 14–18.

Cinantya, C., Aslamiah, Prasetyarini, TA, Maimunah, & Refianti, WR (2023). Improving Activity and Learning Outcomes of Sciences Using the "Peter Pan" Model in Elementary School Students. Proceedings of the 1st Annual International Forum Research on Education, Social Sciences Technology and Humanities, 1(2014), 1–8. Retrieved from

Darwanti. (2016). The Effectiveness of the Quiz Team and Murder Methods on Learning Activities and Problem Solving Abilities in Social Sciences Learning.

Fauzi, ZA, Novitawati, & Darmiyati. (2018). Student success in learning mathematics is related to learning motivation and parental attention in elementary schools.

Huda, W. (2021). The Influence of the Two Stay Two Stray Model on the Mathematics Learning Outcomes of Grade II Elementary School Students. Journal of Elementary Education Didactics, 5(2), 507–522. doi:10.26811/didaktika.v5i2.319

Indriastuti, T. (2018). Improving Learning Outcomes and Courage to Express Agreement, Rebuttal, Rejection of Opinions Through the Implementation of the Two Stay Two Stray Learning Model for Class VIII B Students at Pangudi Luhur Wedi Klaten Middle School. Theses, 18–22. Retrieved from

Khakim, N., Mela Santi, N., Bahrul US, A., Putri, E., & Fauzi, A. (2022). Application of the Problem Based Learning Model in Increasing PPKn Learning Motivation at YAKPI 1 Middle School DKI Jaya. Journal of Citizenship Virtues, 2(2), 347–358. doi:10.37640/jcv.v2i2.1506

Kholis, N. (2017). Using the Numbered Heads Together Learning Model to Improve Chemistry Learning Outcomes. Journal of Chemical Education Innovation, 2(2), 69–88.

Laya. K, YH (2022). The application of the two stay two stray type cooperative learning model in improving learning outcomes. Scientific Journal of Economic Education.

Metroyadi, Pratiwi, DA, & Shalihah, M. (2019). Implementation of a Combination of Think, Pairs And Share (TPS), Cooperative Script and Make A Match Learning Models to Improve the Learning Activities of Class V Students at Sdn Kelayan Timur 12 Banjarmasin. Proceedings of the ULM PS2DMP National Seminar, 5(1), 151–165.

Nastiti, F., & Abdu, A. (2020). Study: Readiness of Indonesian Education Facing the Era of Society 5.0. Edcomtech Journal of Educational Technology Studies, 5(1), 61–66. doi:10.17977/um039v5i12020p061

Noorhapizah, Nur'alim, Agusta, AR, & Fauzi, ZA (2019). Improving Critical Thinking Abilities Through Reading Comprehension Skills in Finding Important Information Using a Combination of Directed Inquiry Activity (DIA), Think Pair Share (TPS) and Scramble Models in Class V Sdn. PS2DMP National Seminar Proceedings, 5(3), 248–253. Retrieved from

Noorhapizah, Sukma, MR, Agusta, AR, & Pratiwi, DA (2019). Improving Reading Comprehension Skills in Finding Information Using a Combination of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC), Numbered Head Together (NHT), and Course Review Horay (CRH) Models in Class IVB Students at SDN Gambut 2 Regency. Proceedings of the ULM PS2DMP National Seminar, 5(1), 96.

Purwanti, R., Suriansyah, A., Aslamiah, & Dalle, J. (2018). European Journal of Education Studies Introducing Language Aspect (English) To Early Childhood Through The Combination Of Picture And Picture Model, Talking Stick Model, Flashcard Media, And Movement And Song Method In B1 Group At Matahariku Bilingua. European Journal of Educational Studies, 5(7), 26–34. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1494188

Rahman, S. (2021). The Importance of Learning Motivation in Improving Learning Outcomes. Freedom to Learn in Welcoming the Era of Society 5.0, (November), 289–302.

Ramadina, N., & Cinantya, C. (2022). Developing activity and fine motor skills in group a children in making lines according to patterns through chocolate models at Kindergarten Aba 1 Pagatan. Journal of Innovation, Early Childhood Creativity (JIKAD), 2(1), 20. doi:10.20527/jikad.v2i1.4696

Sari, RN, & Supriyono. (2017). Using the Talking Stick Learning Method to Improve Class III Student Learning Outcomes at SDN Babatan IV Surabaya, 05, 1511–1520.

Sujana, IWC (2019). Functions and Goals of Indonesian Education. Adi Widya: Journal of Basic Education, 4(1), 29. doi:10.25078/aw.v4i1.927

Suriansyah, AASN (2014). Learning strategies. Eagle press (Vol. 4). Retrieved from

Suriansyah, A., Amelia, R., & Lestari, MA (2019). Improving Student Learning Activities in Mathematics Subjects Using a Combination of Problem Based Learning (Pbl), Think Pair and Share (TPS) and Teams Games Tournament (TGT) Models in Class Vb Sdn Teluk Tiram 1 Banjarmasin. -, 5(1), 27–36. Retrieved from

Suriansyah, A., & Mahriati, S. (2016). Improving Learning Outcomes on the Concept of Building Properties of Space Using the Two Stay Two Stray Learning Model and Realia Media for Class V Students of Sdn Pengambangan 8, Banjarmasin City. TROPICAL PHARMACY Research and Development Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mualawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, 11, 5–10.

Suriansyah, MPA, Wahdini, MPE, & Purwanti, R. (2020). Final Report on Community Service Activities Scientific Writing Workshop for PAUD KKG Gugus Tulip Teachers, Banjar Regency. Retrieved from Dosen.Ulm.Ac.Id/Bitstream/Handle/123456789/19532/2. Dedicated Scientific Writing Workshop for Early Childhood Teachers KKG Gugus Tulip Banjar Regency.pdf?sequence=1




How to Cite

Zarkasi Noor, M., & Cinantya, C. (2023). The Increasing Motivation For Social Studies Content Using The Piston Model In Class V Elementary School Students. Journal of General Education Science, 1–7. Retrieved from